What is Insomnia and what are its types?

Insomnia is also known as sleeplessness, it is a disorder characterized by difficulty in falling or staying asleep. In this condition a person is either unable to get a sound sleep or is unable to maintain sleep as there are frequent wake ups, he/she is unable to get enough sleep and often is accompanied by tiredness and irritable feeling. 

Insomnia can be categorized into two types: primary and secondary insomnia.

Primary insomnia: In this condition, the sleep problem of the person is not directly associated with another disease or condition. It can be due to the lifestyle issues such as no particular time to sleep etc.

Secondary insomnia: In this condition, there is a direct relation between Insomnia and some other health condition such as depression, asthma, arthritis, cancer, pain, a side effect of some medicine or substances such as alcohol.

In terms of duration of the disease, it can be categorized in acute and chronic insomnia.

Acute insomnia is also called short-term which is transient in duration and can affect a person at any time whether or not he/she has a sleep problem, in fact, most of us have had this condition, it can last up to a few weeks. Chronic insomnia is a long-lasting condition, in this, a person can suffer for months and is generally associated with some of the other medical disorder.

What are the possible causes of Insomnia?

There are various possible causes of Insomnia. The condition can affect a person due to physical, mental or emotional issues. In some, it is a huge life stress such as loss of something or someone special, divorce, etc. In others, it can be illness, factors such as noise, temperature, allergy, medications, jet lag, night shifts, improper sleep timing etc.

The leading causes of chronic Insomnia include mental health issues such as Anxiety, Depression, Stress, Chronic pain, a chronic disease etc.

Ambien 10mg is one of the most used medications taken for the effective management of Insomnia; this drug is a sleep promoter and belongs to the class of sedative and hypnotic drug. The heavy reliance of people suffering from Insomnia on this medication is due to its potent ability to mitigate sleeplessness and induce sleep. The drug reduces the frequent wake-ups and offers you with sound sleep enhancing the quality of life of a person to considerable extents. There are a few steps which should be taken to make the most of this therapy such as cutting down on stimulants such as caffeine, creating optimum environment to sleep and allowing you about 8 hours to sleep.

Ambien is a well-accepted brand of Zolpidem which falls in the category of sedative or hypnotic drugs, even though it does not completely relate to benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or other hypnotic category medications, it still binds to benzodiazepine receptor and forms a GABA-BZ complex. Zolpidem specifically couples with the alpha1 subunit which opens the chloride channel leading to hyperpolarization of the cell membrane, this blocks the excitatory activities and relaxes the brain and body.

Ambien is available in 5mg and 10mg of dose strength, as an oral formulation which should be taken with water. The most recommended dose for management of Insomnia in women is 5mg dose and in men is 5 mg or 10mg taken orally, once a day immediately before going to bed. The dose can be later increased to 10mg in case more response is desired. The dose listed here is generalized and is not an alternative to the doctor’s prescription.

Notable side effects that can cause inconvenience are overtiredness, weakness, and stuffy nose, dryness of the mouth, constipation, upset stomach, nausea, diarrhea, headache, and muscle pain.

Safety measures:

  • You are advised to stop the use of this medication and go to a doctor if you notice any allergy.  
  • Some of the users may feel the sedative effects of this drug even after the sleep is over if it interferes with the daytime activities then tell your doctor about it.
  • This drug should not be given to children unless the doctor asks, it can do harm.
  • Stop the consumption of alcohol it can, not just interfere with the condition but also the medication.  

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