Dianette contain two active ingredients named as Cyproterone acetate & ethinylestradiol and collectively known as co-cyprinidiol. Cyprorerone acetate acts as anti-androgen. Androgen is a male hormone and also produced by women, responsible for stimulating the growth of skin especially the sebaceous gland that produces oil, hair that grows from skin, etc.
Cyproterone functions by blocking the receptor on which androgen works generally. In case, the body produces more androgen, the sebaceous gland might produce more sebum. This is turn leads to the blockage of the sebaceous gland that results in inflammation, infection and ache spots. Apart from this, the androgen might also causes excessive growth of hair on face & body that is commonly termed as hirsutism. These occur in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Cyproterone acetate is generally used for preventing the action of androgen. It also helps in decreasing the production of androgen by ovaries. The skin of the patients becomes less greasy within few weeks after using Dianette and it might take months for complete removal of ache or excessive hair growth.
Dianette is an effective combined oral contraceptive pill. Cyproterone acetate is a progesterone derivative and ethinylestrdiol is a synthetic version of female hormone, oestrogen. Dianette functions as contraceptive by prevention of ripening and release of eggs from ovaries. Also by increasing the thickness of the cervical mucus that makes it hard for the sperm to cross from vagina into the womb. In addition to this, Dianette changes the lining of the womb making the unfavourable condition for the fertilized egg for implantation.
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Each tablet of Dianette has same dose of hormone in it. It is a combined oral contraceptive pill that consists of Cyproterone acetate 2 mg and Ethinylestradiol 0.35 mg. The patient had to take one tablet of Dianette everyday for 21 days.
After taking last tablet on 21 days, the patient should take a break of 7 days and it is during this duration the level of hormone in blood of the patient drops resulting in withdrawal bleed that is similar as regular period.
When the patients start taking Dianette after 7 day break, the bleeding again starts. The packet of tablet is very user-friendly as the tablets are marked with days so that thepatient does not forget to take the pill. The patients need to take the pill for three weeks. If the patient takes all the tablets properly, they are still safe from pregnancy during pill-free days.
If the patient misses a single dose in a day, she should take that missed dose as soon as she remembers it.
Different types of side effects can be experienced by different patients who are using Dianette, as the tolerance power for same drug varies from person to person.
Some patients might show change in menstrual bleeding, menstrual spotting or breakthrough bleeding. The user of Dianette might experience headache, stomach upset, nausea and vomiting and breast tenderness.
Sometimes, the patients shows changes in the weight, decreased sex drive, depressed mood, vaginal thrush, irregular brown patches on the skin, rise in blood pressure, gallstones, blood clot in blood vessel, etc.
If the patients vomit within two hours of taking Dianette, this means that the medicine is not fully absorbed into the blood stream. In such case, the patient should take pill as soon as they feel better and take the next dose on the regular scheduled time. The patient should not worry in this case as she is still protected from the pregnancy.
Dianette tablets will not protect the patient against sexually transmitted infection.
Sometimes, the patient might get severe diarrhoea for more than 24 hours that makes the pill less effective. The patient should their Dianette pill at their normal time.
If a patient uses Dianette for the first time, she might experience irregularities in her menstrual cycle which includes spotting, missed periods, break through bleeding, etc. In this case, the patient should consult the doctor.
Dianette should not be taken during pregnancy. So when the patients start taking Dianette pill after seven days again, she should be sure that she is not pregnant that time.